10 PARISH CHURCH OF WEAVERHAM

were found in the vicarage grounds, one dating back to 110 B.C. and the other a.d. 212.

The parish is one of those formed by Theodore, Archbishop of Canterbury, in the seventli century, when he established the parochial system. It then consisted of the township of YWeaverham with the lordships of Sandiway and Gorstage, the townships of Acton, Cuddington, Crowton, Onston, Wallerscote, the hamlet of Milton, and detached portions of Whitegate, Norley, and Hartford. In recent years Crowton (in 1871) and Sandiway (in 1935) have been constituted separate parishes, Crowton under the patronage of the Vicar of Weaverham and Sandiway with the Bishop of Chester as its patron. The river Weaver from Winnington Bridge to Kingsley forms the northern boundary, and Watling Street from near Hartford Station to Delamcre forms the boundary on the south side.

The Domesday Survey (1085) says of Weaverham2:—

In Roelau Hundred—Earl Hugh holds Wivreham in demesne, Earl Edwin held it formerly. There are xiii hides rateable to the gelt. The land is xviii carucatcs, two are in demesne, and [there are] two neatherds and two serfs, and ten villeins and one bordar and i radman with i villein. All together have iii carucates.

There is a church and a priest here and a mill to serve the Hall* and an acre of meadow. A wood ii leagues long and i league broad, and two hays for roes. To this manor belong x Burgesses in the city [of Chester]. Of these vi render x shillings and viii pence, and iv render nothing.

A foreigner holds [the Manor] of the Earl. There were in Wich vii salthouses belonging to this Manor. One of these now renders salt to the Hall, the others are waste. ... In King Edward's time the whole manor was in farm for x pounds. 'The Earl found it waste. His demesne is now worth 1 [50] shillings—Gosllins x shillings.

' A Literal extension and translation . . . of Domesday Book relating to Cheshire and Lancashire ... by Wm. Beamont, p. 13.

* The Mill would be the old Water Mill at Milton, and the Hall would be the home of Geoffrey de Weaverham, afterwards known as Hefferston Grange,